European integration and populism
EU institutions and policy settings have been prone to populist attack from both the purely economic and the more cultural ‘nativist identity’ angle. Current competences, mostly confined to organising markets and lacking the ability to address distribution effects, make the EU appear as the agent of globalisation within Europe, rather than a joint European response to globalisation. At the same time, it is charged with undermining national autonomy, identity, and control. Despite the UK being a special case, Brexit can be seen as the culmination of disintegration forces in the EU. The swift economic response to the pandemic bodes well for a more cohesive approach to economic policy making in the EU; and the military attack on the Ukraine has brought to light impressive solidarity and cooperative action. However, while anti-EU populist forces appear to be on retreat for the time being, the undercurrents are still strong and the Dahrendorf/Rodrik dilemma is alive and well. Against that background, the talk sketches five guiding principles for policy articulation at the EU level for a new positive EU narrative.